What is Samza?
Apache Samza is a distributed stream processing framework. It uses Apache Kafka for messaging, and Apache Hadoop YARN to provide fault tolerance, processor isolation, security, and resource management.
- Simple API: Unlike most low-level messaging system APIs, Samza provides a very simple callback-based “process message” API comparable to MapReduce.
- Managed state: Samza manages snapshotting and restoration of a stream processor’s state. When the processor is restarted, Samza restores its state to a consistent snapshot. Samza is built to handle large amounts of state (many gigabytes per partition).
- Fault tolerance: Whenever a machine in the cluster fails, Samza works with YARN to transparently migrate your tasks to another machine.
- Durability: Samza uses Kafka to guarantee that messages are processed in the order they were written to a partition, and that no messages are ever lost.
- Scalability: Samza is partitioned and distributed at every level. Kafka provides ordered, partitioned, replayable, fault-tolerant streams. YARN provides a distributed environment for Samza containers to run in.
- Pluggable: Though Samza works out of the box with Kafka and YARN, Samza provides a pluggable API that lets you run Samza with other messaging systems and execution environments.
- Processor isolation: Samza works with Apache YARN, which supports Hadoop’s security model, and resource isolation through Linux CGroups.
We are just moving our code to open source. This newly open sourced version has a few limitations:
- We have not yet fully implemented our plans around fault-tolerance semantics.
Pardon our Dust
Apache Samza is currently undergoing incubation at the Apache Software Foundation.